Great little site to help test your email server configuration / headers

From: Lynn Dixon 
I know we have discussed proper email header and formatting before in the
past, so I figured this was relevant.

I found this little tool on the web and thought it was pretty nifty.  You
send an email to a randomly generated inbox and they give you the results.
Granted, I'd use an email account that you don't mind letting the world
have or one that you will toss after the testing is done.

Here's he URL:

And here is what the results looks like from a test:

It helped me realize I didn't have my DMARC setup properly.

OT: iPad Air For Sale

From: Stephen Haywood 

  I have a 16GB Wi-Fi only iPad Air for sale. I recently sent in my old =
iPad Air for warranty repair and this is the new one they gave me. It is =
in excellent condition. I want to get $250 for it. Let me know if you =
are interested. Model number is MD785LL/A.


Has anyone ever heard of SiteLock?

From: Jonathan Calloway 

I got an email and my ‘customer’ got a phone call from a security analyst and SiteLock.  They claim that my site has been infected with malware.  They’ve placed a text file on the server that shows all of the files that are supposedly infected.

When reviewing the files and comparing them to a recent backup, I noticed two things:  1)They didn’t exist before (at least within the last 2 weeks) and 2) They’re all the same; 98 lines of stuff like this:  

formalization= 'd'; $diffusing='d';$democrats= '$';
$gregor= 'a)EP

Slow transfer speed between offices (both on EPB)

From: David White 
This is weird.

I'm trying to transfer about 60GB worth of data between my home office to
my main office right now. Both are running on EPB 100mbps. I'm connected
via OpenVPN with all traffic routed through the VPN.

A test right now indicates I'm getting a good 70+ down, and
over 50 up.

I'm only getting about 5MB/s up when transferring files from my home office
(OpenVPN client) to my NAS in the office over SMB2. I tried increasing that
to SMB3, and that didn't make much difference.

When I upload the files using HTTPS (for those of you familiar with
Synology, that's what I have), I'm doing about 9-10MB/s.

The destination is an encrypted folder, so that may be a bit of the

However, it seems to me there's still huge room for improvement, regardless
of the protocol used, the encryption, and the hardware.

A traceroute to the destination shows what I think are reasonable results:

david@developCENTSlaptop:~$ traceroute
traceroute to (, 64 hops max
  1  11.165ms  2.789ms  8.362ms

What can I look into in order to track down the source of the slowness?

Would I get better performance if I used NFS or FTPS or rsync? I'm not
terribly familiar with NFS. I've enabled it on the NAS and have granted my
computer's VPN IP address (see attached) but continue to get an access

Correct me if I'm wrong, I get the feeling, though, that NFS isn't ideal
for this type of use case.

David White
Founder & CEO


*Develop CENTS*
Computing, Equipping, Networking, Training & Supporting for small
businesses and nonprofits
Providing: Web Hosting, Technical Support & IT Consulting

*Signup to our Newsletter at

Kaspersky for Mail Server Antivirus

From: David White 
Does anyone have experience running the Kaspersky KLMS (Kaspersky Security
8.0 for Linux Mail Server)?

According to official documentation, the software requires a minimum of 2
GB of RAM and 4GB of swap. That seems utterly ridiculous to me.

I just finished installing a trial version of it into a CentOS 7 machine
inside Virtual Box with 1GB of RAM and no swap. Granted, this VM doesn't
have any users, but I can confirm that all of the various kaspersky daemons
and such are running, and there's still no load.

Given that my mail server infrastructure has very low volume (at max on a
busy day, it probably handles less than 500 legitimate emails in a given
day), I'm thinking I'm going to give it a try.

I just recently became a Kaspersky reseller, so have access to 1 year of
free licensing. Would probably be better than ClamAV.

David White
Founder & CEO


*Develop CENTS*
Computing, Equipping, Networking, Training & Supporting for small
businesses and nonprofits
Providing: Web Hosting, Technical Support & IT Consulting

*Signup to our Newsletter at

The heck is up with Ubuntu and package stuff

From: Dan Lyke 
So I'm running Xenial on a bunch of boxes, and not only am I having
the appstream-cli pegging the CPU issue (that all the web searches
claim was fixed back in 2012 or some such), but I'm also seeing weird
errant apt-get processes hanging around for days and locking repos and

These are all machines that got updated, but still. WTF?

And I should probably figure out just how to remove the automatic
checks stuff and run my updates manually, but with that in mind, and
given that several of these boxes are upgrades that should really be
wiped and re-installed...

What's a good Debian-based install that has a lightweight window
manager, a decent WiFi manager, and doesn't try to be user obsequious?
Or is it time for me to go Arch?

Tor users targetted in Scotus rule change

From: Rod-Lists 
"The Supreme Court on Thursday approved changes that would make it easier for the FBI to hack into computers, many of them belonging to victims of cybercrime. The changes, which will take immediate effect in December unless Congress adopts competing legislation, would allow the FBI go hunting for anyone browsing the Internet anonymously in the U.S. with a single warrant. Previously, under the federal rules on criminal procedures, a magistrate judge couldn't approve a warrant request to search a computer remotely if the investigator didn't know where the computer was -- because it might be outside his or her jurisdiction. The rule change would allow a magistrate judge to issue a warrant to search or seize an electronic device if the target is using anonymity software like Tor."

Got this today, if anyone interested: Web Developer

Message below, please contact me privately and I'll hand you the contact 

Today a Senior Web Developer contract assignment opened with a Media Giant 
in Atlanta, Georgia.  Experience developing large Web Sites for UNIX/Linux 
guarantees an interview. 

Title:  Senior Web Developer
Location:  Techwood Campus Downtown
Type:  Contract Assignment
Duration:  Multi-year
Rate:  $Up to $70/hour
Available Now!  On-Site Only! 

In this assignment, you will work with a large group of passionate 
technology enthusiasts with great opportunities to experience the challenges 
and rewards of developing one of the largest sports websites in the world, and its associated team sites. Opportunity exists for career growth, 
to work with a large cutting edge suit of web technologies in a casual but 
professional atmosphere. 

The projects include web analytics, streaming video, live scoring, 
template-driven publishing, design implementation, prototyping, social media 
integration, and automated syndication of content. The technology stack is a 
mix of platforms developed in-house, as well as an ever-increasing 
commitment to open source technologies:  HTML, DHTML, CSS, JavaScript, XML 
and PHP. 

This is a highly visible role that will expand your career and professional 

History of chia (WAS: Chattanooga Internet Consortium)

From: Billy 
Our server at Chaco's, Erik, coined the term. When tom and everyone showed up, instead of writing the table number on the ticket, he'd write "chia" as he said the table grew to multiple tables like a chia pet.

An interesting story about Erik.

We used to hang out a bit after I discovered we had a shared interest in AD&D. He was also a cool dude. He liked cows, and the fuel tank of his bike was painted in cow spots for one thing. One day, I asked him about the cows, and he relayed this story to me.

He has a friend that was really depressed and called him one night contemplating suicide. He talked to her for hours, a roller coaster ride, bringing her back from the edge, and subsequently her edging closer to the edge again. All night this conversation continued till the sun was coming up. He felt he was losing her, and out of desperation he yelled into the phone, "BUT WHAT ABOUT THE COWS?!?!"

She laughed and laughed due to the ridiculousness of the comment. His friend was going to be ok. Ever since that day, he has loved cows.


> On Mar 13, 2016, at 10:28 AM, Mike Harrison  wrote:
>> On Mar 12, 2016, at 1:22 AM, Jeremy Gault, KD4NED  wrote:
>> Anyone remember it, or being a part of it? Seems I ended up at one of their meetings, had to sit outside at a restaurant in Chattanooga drinking coffee in the cold. That was probably 1999 or 2000. The memories are kinda vague (maybe that's a good thing?) but myself and another fellow at WingNET ended up there.
>> Perhaps some of you can recall it/more details?
> I kinda remember it.. 
> It tried making Chattanooga an “Network Access Point” or “NAP”. because some of us competitors got along:   Chattanooga Online, Voyager Online, Winglet, Dayton.Net, 
> and a social group named CHIA named more about the way the table grew and later we joked it was the Chattanooga Internet Association. It still has a mailing list, but it’s just a few old friends chatting now 

Chattanooga Internet Consortium

From: "Jeremy Gault, KD4NED" 
Anyone remember it, or being a part of it? Seems I ended up at one of their
meetings, had to sit outside at a restaurant in Chattanooga drinking coffee
in the cold. That was probably 1999 or 2000. The memories are kinda vague
(maybe that's a good thing?) but myself and another fellow at WingNET ended
up there.

Perhaps some of you can recall it/more details?

Wi-Fi Routers

From: David Rucker 

I am in need of a new router. I currently have 100mb fiber from RTC and may
upgrade to 1gb in the future. Right now the router I have works well but
with only one device at a time. The speed and bandwidth always gets granted
to the device that started first. I don't need a lot of fancy features just
want something that will work and not too expensive. I do a lot of
downloading, moderate streaming, and some gaming.

Also if anyone has a used one laying around that they would be willing to
part with cheap I'm interested.

Thank you,
David R.

OT: Old Smartphone becomes ultimate remote

From: Phil Sieg 
Happy New Year!

I, like many of you, have struggled with a large and growing collection 
of remotes everywhere I have a TV.

I finally figured out that my phone is the ultimate remote control. Then 
I figured out that an OLD UNUSED smartphone was an even better choice so 
it can stay with the electronics for the wife and kid to use as well.

SO my old android phone is now:

TV Remote
PLEX Controller
Chromecast controller
Marantz Receiver controller with Marantz app (Denon and some others have 
receiver apps as well)
Netflix Remote
Hulu Remote
Logitech Harmony Hub interface

So when I sit down I nab the android remote, launch the logitech harmony 
app and tell it I want to either: Watch TV, Chromecast, Listen to music. 
When I choose the hub executes a macro that turns the appropriate gear 
on, switches inputs and gives me unified remote ability from either the 
smartphone screen or the Harmony remote. i.e. when in TV mode the 
channel up and down is my cable box while volume is my receiver.

PLEX is my goto for most of my streaming, so I set the system to 
chromecast, launch plex on the android remote, start my show, and send 
it to the chromecast which turns the plex app into a graphical remote 
for controlling the stream.

By setting the phone to Airplane mode and then turning BT and wifi back 
on I can get 3-4 days out of the battery. Since it is a handset with 
wireless charging, I just set it on the charger each night and it stays 

The glue that binds all of this is the $100 Logitech Harmony Hub which 
is a brilliant product well executed with fantastic build quality to boot.

This is a poor description of what has turned into an elegant solution.

Hope it helps another person in remote hell.

Phil Sieg
SeniorTech LLC / snapfo-n


"The computer is the most remarkable tool that we've ever come up with. It's the equivalent of a bicycle for our minds."

Steve Jobs, 1955-2011

Happy Thanksgiving!

From: Chad Smith 
Happy Thanksgiving / Turkey Day / Vegan Family Meal Day / Parade Day /
Football Day / Day before Black Friday / and/or Random Meaningless Thursday
to you all!  (Whichever you like best.)

Thanks for all your geeky, techie, libre insights, rants, excitment, and
fears - even though I only understand about 10~15% of them.

Happy Holidays from the St. Louis branch of Chugalug!

*- Chad W. Smith*

Annoyed with TP-Link

From: "Alex Smith (K4RNT)" 
WHY do manufacturers re-use model numbers when they revise the product to
include new components? Why can't they just sequence the model number to a
different number when they revise it?

I recommended for my mom a TP-Link TP-WR841ND, specifically because it was
on the list of supported devices for DD-WRT, and it came with revision 9,
which is NOT supported yet.


I finally found beta versions of DD-WRT, but they're turning out to be
unreliable. I just installed the latest beta yesterday after the Wi-Fi cut
out for the second time in a week.

Why is TP-Link, one of the better supported device manufacturers with
DD-WRT, becoming like Linksys? I now don't like TP-Link almost as much as I
hate Linksys.

" 'With the first link, the chain is forged. The first speech censured, the
first thought forbidden, the first freedom denied, chains us all
irrevocably.' Those words were uttered by Judge Aaron Satie as wisdom and
warning... The first time any man's freedom is trodden on, we=E2=80=99re al=
damaged." - Jean-Luc Picard, quoting Judge Aaron Satie, Star Trek: TNG
episode "The Drumhead"
- Alex Smith
- Kent, Washington (metropolitan Seattle area)

OT: nexus 5 can see a 802.11s mesh (project fi)

From: Matt Keys 
I've switched from verizon  to project fi during the open invitation. I got=
 my sexy new nexus 5x today. That was a freakishly easy and fast turnaround=
 on the DID port. It was nearly instant after I touched "activate my servic=
e". Another thing that I was impressed by was the nexus 5x was able to see =
and list 802.11s mesh id as an available wifi network. Granted it's open/un=
encrypted but most devices I've played with won't pick out a mesh id from t=
he air.

FreePBX Call Recording Issue (Stephen Kraus)

From: Justin McAteer 
Could be that the call is being setup with media directly between the phone=
s. What type of interface are you using for your external calls?

Justin McAteer=0A=

(256) 694-9195

> From:
> Subject: Chugalug Digest=2C Vol 36=2C Issue 22
> To:
> Date: Tue=2C 21 Jul 2015 23:00:54 +0000
> Send Chugalug mailing list submissions to
> To subscribe or unsubscribe via the World Wide Web=2C visit
> or=2C via email=2C send a message with subject or body 'help' to
> You can reach the person managing the list at
> When replying=2C please edit your Subject line so it is more specific
> than "Re: Contents of Chugalug digest..."
> Today's Topics:
>    1. FreePBX Call Recording Issue (Stephen Kraus)
>    2. Review of Ubuntu Phone Was | Long Post: Smartphone rant	(Take
>       2?) (Rod-Lists)
>    3. Re: Review of Ubuntu Phone Was | Long Post: Smartphone rant
>       (Take 2?) (John Aldrich)
>    4. Re: Review of Ubuntu Phone Was | Long Post: Smartphone rant
>       (Take 2?) (Michael Scholten)
>    5. Re: Review of Ubuntu Phone Was | Long Post: Smartphone rant
>       (Take 2?) (Rod-Lists)
>    6. Forum Software (David Rucker)
>    7. Re: Forum Software (David White)
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------
> Message: 1
> Date: Tue=2C 21 Jul 2015 16:17:47 -0400
> From: Stephen Kraus 
> Subject: [Chugalug] FreePBX Call Recording Issue
> Message-ID:

Disney Making Laid-Off US Tech Workers Train Foreign H1-B Replacements

From: Rod-Lists 
The NY Times brings us a story on the Disney Corporation laying off U.S. tech workers and replacing them with immigrants visiting the country under H1-B visas. The twist is that the immigrant workers are not your nice local visiting foreign guy from the university who wants to stick around 'cause he likes the people here... they are employees of foreign-based consulting companies in the business of collecting H1-B visas and "import[ing] workers for large contracts to take over entire in-house technology units." The other twist? The U.S. tech workers are required to train their replacements before vacating their jobs, or risk losing severance benefits (excerpts of the Disney's layoff notice are included in the article).

Linux has spoiled me

From: Mike Harrison 
Just ranting while watching things download and install on an MS-Server:

I’m building a testbed for some future Linux integration with Microsoft Biztalk, an “enterprise service bus / message queue” on a VM. I’m a few days of playing around, on my 4th install (I’ve made some stupid mistakes and had to start over) and learned a lot. 

Mostly what I’ve learned from the Linux and Mac worlds is: I’m spoiled. 

Linux servers, until you get into really weird stuff, just seem to be couple of yum installs or apt-get’s away from having just about anything you would normally want, up and running. On the weirder stuff, you might have to add a few things from the standard apt/yum/etc repo’s and then either use a private repo or compile something from scratch. Compiling being a rarer option than it used to be, but is still a good option for special cases. 

I’m pretty crusty on MS-Stuff, so I’ve had to learn a lot that I have intentionally forgotten. But what really surprises me is how different the processes are for installing various Microsoft products. Although the “Server Manager” has a decent start with “Add roles and features” it’s a subset of things, and I think it is missing some common essentials. For other things I’ve had to download installers and run them, use “CAB’s” and “Box’s”.. the weirdest one was install a 32 bit version of Excel, on a 64 bit Server OS because “BAM” requires it and won’t work on 32 bit.. I’ve lost track of the reboots, extra installations... uninstalls (SQL Server Express is installed with Visual Studio, but must be removed so you can install SQL Server).. Obscure menu tree hunting to find an option to turn on or off…  I’ve even found and been following several different official how-to’s that do not agree. But it works. Or at least seems to be. I have yet to use it for anything. It’s obvious that Microsoft has groups that don’t “come together” on how to install software, deal with requirements. Microsoft seems to be missing a company/product line wide package manager, and that seems to be a very antiquated thought process. and some things seem to be only available in 32 bit.. like the BI Tools for Visual Studio. Come on Microsoft, why would things you would run on a nice 64 bit server, requiring 32 bit packages for support? 

That a worldwide collective of a wide range of Linux programmer and sysadmins do such a great job of repositories and installations from them, makes me realize how spoiled I have become, and how thankful I am for everyone’s efforts. 

Anyone else get hit by the recent Panda update?

From: Rod-Lists 
A local business which got rid of most of its Macs just got bit by the recent Panda Security update.
Started to quarantine some important .dll's on windows machines.
Apparently it flagged itself as well.

EPB Business class service and static IP's

From: Lynn Dixon 
To build on our conversation from eariler this morning, I contacted EPB to
get pricing on routed subnets and static IP's.

Business class service is the only thing eligible for routed subnets or IP
blocks.  The starting price for the service is $350 per month for 100 meg
service, which comes with SLA guarantees on 99.99% uptime as well as
bandwidth SLA's. With this same service, you get a /28 of IP addresses,
which is 14 useable (16 total, minus 1 for gateway, and minus 1 for the
network ID/broadcast).
Business class is available to any address that is serviceable by the
residential service.

They have various other levels with increased speeds for higher prices of
course, all the way to 1 Gig.  I didn't get pricing for anything above
100meg since $350 made it out of scope for me.

The sales rep did mention that EPB does co-location, but after talking with
them, they only offer it to customers whom are willing to lease a full 43U
rack.  Pricing for a full 43U rack with 100meg service and /28 with 20amps
of power is roughly $1400 per month.

So, there ya have it. At $350 its a bit out of my price range as a small
business, so I will just keep my two machines co-located in Knoxville and
Chattanooga (Peace Communications).  I was really hoping to get a faster
connection with their Business class service, and bring my machines to my
home datacenter.  I have plenty of power and cooling available, as well as
natural gas for a genset. I already have a sizeable UPS as well.

It looks as if EPB is initially targeting medium to large size businesses
with these colo offerings.  I will keep in touch with them to see if they
start to offer smaller rack leases.