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From: Unkmar 
------------------------------------------------------
I prefer stability over new features.

Debian: (My favorite)
  I use the stable version, so it is always behind the times. The install
is incredibly versatile.  Easy to follow the guide for a once size fits all.
When you don't know what something means, just take recommended
or hit Enter.  If you want a light weight server, easy enough to figure out.
You wan't a very light weight install and then extremely minimal Desktop
enviroment, sort of like a ChromeBook. That is also pretty easy to do.
The default Desktop install is gnome3.  I've tried it, I mean seriously
tried it for over a month.  I hate it.  Seriously, I hate gnome3. I
currently
use LXDE. Wait, I'm getting side tracked.  Eh, I like Debian, everything
after that is me nitpicking packages and settings.

Red Hat:
  I used it so long ago I don't remember what it was like.

Mandrake: (Now Mandriva)
  My first experience with Linux that I can actually recall.
My thoughts at the time, Linux is almost ready to replace Windows on the
Desktop.  When they get it together and finish some things up, I'll switch.
(I didn't know. I thought of Linux as a smaller version of Microsoft but
split
up among a few groups. Maybe 5. I had no idea of the true scope of
GNU/Linux)

Ubuntu: (My first REAL use of Linux)
  It was and is great. I didn't like its instability so I moved to its
parent, Debian.
I still sometimes use a Live Ubuntu CD because Debian doesn't do that.
(A third party provides a Debian Live CD option that has never worked for
me.)

Suse:
  The install had a learning cliff, No curve.  I didn't get far enough to
evaluate
the actual distro.

Gentoo:
  I hate the long compile time for installing anything. I prefer to date
before marriage. That compile time feels like a serious commitment.

Puppy:
  Feels like a toy.  Honestly, it is a wonderful tool but the install feels
more
like an infection.  It is a light weight distro.  Has a light weight
install.
Has no method of making it fat even if you prefer a few bells and whistles.
You can't choose partition sizes or anything. (Puppy would make a great
recovery install for if something goes horribly wrong. Oh, wait!  Most
distros
already have that as a reasonable built in option. What was puppy for
again?)
Oh, It is a great small distro that boots into RAM from CD where you can
then remove the CD and use the drive to burn other CD's if you wish.
Many other tools available, That is just the one that stuck in my mind.

Red Hat:
  Um, just no!  My dislike of Red Hat has been strong enough for me to
effectively wipe my memory of exactly why.

Tiny Core:
  Oh great spaghetti monster.  Please take it back from where it came.
Um, it lives up to its name. It is Tiny and merely a Core.  You get to
struggle
for a few minutes to get networking so that you can download anything.
It has a quirky package management system (PMS) that you must learn
to in order to do anything. Here is a list of somethings don't get until you
use the PMS, web browser (GUI or CLI), partitioning tools.  Actually,
how about I list what you do get. The ability to move the mouse around,
point, click.  Possibly a CLI so you can run ls, head, cat, and more.
I'm pretty sure that less is missing until you PMS it.  I don't know if it
even has nano, pico, or vi without the PMS.  Seriously, it is a Tiny Core.

Derivatives: (I generally avoid them)
  Reasoning: Fixes to the problems lag behind the parent.
Find a problem, and a fix in the parent.  You constantly use the parent as
a guide on how to fix the child problems and sometimes that doesn't work.
Then you are left with a child that has the problem, can't find a fix
because
so few are using, reporting, and supporting the child. You are sort of left
out
in the cold.

US Military Uses 8-Inch Floppy Disks To Coordinate Nuclear Force Operations

From: Rod-Lists 
------------------------------------------------------
where the hell do they get 8" floppies? Ed's stockpile?
----------------------------------------------------------
'An anonymous reader writes from a report via CNBC:
A new report reveals the U.S. Defense Department is still using 8-inch floppy disks in a computer system that coordinates the operational functions of the nation's nuclear forces. The Defense Department's 1970s-era IBM Series/1 Computer and long-outdated floppy disks handle functions related to intercontinental ballistic missiles, nuclear bombers and tanker support aircraft, according to the new Governmental Accountability Office report. The report shows how outdated IT systems are being used to handle important functions related to the nation's taxpayers, federal prisoners and military veterans, as well as to the America's nuclear umbrella. "Federal legacy IT systems are becoming increasingly obsolete: Many use outdated software languages and hardware parts that are unsupported," the report found. "Agencies reported using several systems that have components that are, in some cases, at least 50 years old."

From the report: "GAO pointed out that aging systems include the Treasury Department's 'individual master file,' which is the authoritative data source for individual taxpayers. It's used to assess taxes and generates refunds. That file 'is written in assembly language code -- a low-level computer code that is difficult to write and maintain -- and operates on an IBM mainframe,' the report said." The report also mentioned that several other departments, such as the departments of Treasury, Commerce, Health and Human Services and the Veterans' Administration, "reported using 1980s and 1990s Microsoft operating systems that stopped being supported by the vendor more than a decade ago." '

https://news.slashdot.org/story/16/05/25/2054255/us-military-uses-8-inch-floppy-disks-to-coordinate-nuclear-force-operations

Ubuntu tablet now can be preodeed

From: Rod-Lists 
------------------------------------------------------

http://www.engadget.com/2016/03/28/bq-ubuntu-tablet-pre-orders/

Interesting enough I just saw an ad for HP Elite x3 which is promising what Ubuntu is pushing,  a cell that can be used as a PC.
And of course it runs a microsoft OS

Microsoft Linux aka Debian Sonic

From: Michael Harrison 
------------------------------------------------------
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/03/09/microsoft

StartCom Feedback From Eddy Nigg

From: Mike Harrison 
------------------------------------------------------

Chugalug, 

It may not address all of your/our concerns, but StartCom and Eddy Nigg (and probably actually was Eddy, we’ve chatted before..) directly answered my request about the FUD website (Kimchi) and auth server in China. It’s a better answer than you’ll get from anyone else in that position. 


------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Dear Mr. Harrison,

Thanks a lot for your comments that truly come from your love to StartCom.

But don’t panic, like every big company (IBM, Cisco, Oracle, Microsoft etc.) that has set up branch offices and R&D centers in China, StartCom is the No. 6 biggest CA in the world and today has also setup branch office and R&D center in China, our Chinese R&D team chose Qihoo 360 to provide secure hosting service since this company is the No.1 Antivirus and web security provider in China and in the world that public listed in NYSE.

We are always trying to improve and try support continued growth which isn't always easy to sustain. With that we hope to provide you and all our customers a useful service.

-- 
Regards 
 
Signer: 	Eddy Nigg, COO/CTO StartCom Ltd.

Mozilla foundation thinking kicking thunderbird to the curb.

From: Rod-Lists 
------------------------------------------------------

I like this post on slash about. Some think Mozilla trying to kill XUL in favor of HTML5 tech.
Others seem to think that Microsoft and Google funding them that those two mail providers may have something to do with it.


http://news.slashdot.org/comments.pl?sid=8417651&cid=51036971
Mozilla, I have actually donated to you in the past, but I have to admit my faith and continued donations are really starting to waiver lately.

Don't get me wrong; its not because of the Australis and UI changes that many people complain about. I actually enjoy those changes, the cross-platform consistency it brought. That's not the issue.

The issue to me is that I feel like you're slowly abandoning your principles:

Incorporation of 3rd party proprietary services such as Pocket and Hello (the calling through Telefonica) seem to give up on principles of open source and control of data
Including ads in my new tab window is annoying, and possibly a privacy/security risk depending on where those ads are sourced from (they're not hosted on mozilla servers I'd guess; so do you trust the servers you're pulling from?).
Support of the DRM plugins/codecs for video. I know the argument was that you didn't really want to do it but were forced to, but how about principles? What can we do as a movement to try to push for open codecs again? I haven't received email updates on what you're doing to support that.
Now, giving up on Thunderbird, which is not just well known and liked, but I think its key selling point is ENCRYPTED PRIVATE email. By necessity, you can't do crypto (encrypted and signed emails) unless its in a mail client. If you want to send a webclient your private key, you're missing the point.
If you need money, tell us how it is. Lay out your plan for the next 3 years (a very specific vision!), estimate a figure of money, and maybe we can crowdsource it to happen. I think people are less likely to donate if they can't get clarity into what the money is used for (I know I'm that way).

I think that plan/vision needs to say more specifics like: we're campaigning against all kinds of ads, especially ones that track you and hurt your privacy; we're abandoning 3rd party proprietary things built in to our browser; we're re-focusing on our needs on your security and privacy. We're going to have the most secure browser on the planet, implementing the following list of protocols and standards, we're researching some new protocols and standards and working with the community on them. We're going 64 bit on Windows to take full advantage of performance and security extensions in modern OSes. We're going to make crypto more easy and transparent, both TLS in the browser, but especially we're going to refocus our efforts on Thunderbird and making your email safe with built in idiot-proof PGP encryption and signing. We're also going to work with web vendors to start implementing their own encryption, meaning when you get a notice from your bank, we expect it to be signed by your bank's encryption key and it all happens automagically to keep you safe.

If I don't start seeing more concrete things like this working for the betterment of the internet and my security and privacy on the internet, then my donation dollars will start looking for other projects. I want to know you're working for me, and not using me only to generate money.

Website's Outbound Email in Spam

From: David White 
------------------------------------------------------
I think the world hates me and my email server setup.

I have at least 1 client who is complaining that the email being sent from
their website (e.g. contact forms) are going into spam.

I've ensured that SPF records are setup for that particular client's domain
name that point to the web server. The web server itself isn't on any
blacklists that I can find, and the web server has it's own Reverse DNS
setup correctly.

These 2 facts have always been true.

This is an interesting read, by the way:
http://www.spamhaus.org/news/article/718/stop-spammers-from-exploiting-your-webserver

Any specific suggestions?

On a related note, I have what may turn out to be a rhetorical question
(because I do have an opinion about it, and I think my current setup is the
best option):

In your opinions, which is better for outgoing email being sent directly
from a website:

   1. The email should be sent directly from the web server in question.
   SPF records for that website should be setup for the website's IP address.

   2. The email should be relayed through an actual email server before it
   goes out (so a user submits a form on the website, the website sends the
   email which gets accepted by localhost, and then localhost relays the email
   over to a real email server before the email gets sent to the destination)

*Why am I asking for your input?*
The reason I'm asking is that I have some clients whose websites I host,
who have valid SPF records setup (which matches their website's IP
address).

The IP address is on no blacklists that I can tell. Yet often times, the
emails get sent to spam.

*The downside to #2 (using a relay) - and why I don't like #2*
One of the huge downsides I see in option #2 is that if I do relay
everything through one of my actual email servers, and a spammer got a hold
of one of the websites on the web server, the real email server could get
blacklisted.

*The (possible?) upside of #2...*
The email server probably has a little bit better of a reputation in terms
of email volume going out, and it is recognized as an email server.
Receiving email providers know that email should be coming from the email
server's IP address.

(But don't get me started about AT&T blocking & completely bouncing that
email server's email completely, and Microsoft marking email coming from
that email server as spam)

Sometimes I don't know why I keep bothering with my own email
infrastructure. How and why do I think this is "fun" and a "better" way of
doing things than to cave in and use a service like Google Apps?

-- 
David White
Founder & CEO

*Develop CENTS *
Computing, Equipping, Networking, Training & Supporting
Organizations Worldwide
http://developcents.com

FOSS Tools for IT Departments

From: Mike Harrison 
------------------------------------------------------
I=E2=80=99m putting together a presentation to share next month on FOSS =
tools for IT/OT departments. Specifically the kids of things they would =
use internal to their organization.

What are you favorites and why?

For example some of the items only list are:


pfSense =3D Firewall with good support for OpenVPN and IPsec.

Clonezilla =3D makes images / backups / restores systems

Linux =3D Operating system useful for:
    Samba =3D Microsoft Style File Shares
    Nagios =3D SNMP and other methods Network Monitoring
    Snort =3D Intrusion Detection
    KVM/QEMU virtualization

DBAN =3D Wipe a disk









Microsoft Linux

From: John Aldrich 
------------------------------------------------------
Dont' know if you guys saw this, or not...
http://www.linuxquestions.org/questions/linux-news-59/microsoft-has-developed-its-own-linux-in-house-software-defined-networking-os-4175553867/

My question is did they abide by the GPL or did they make it
closed-source and corrupted the way they do most everything else they
copy?

-- 
  John Aldrich
  mrmaxx@nospammail.net

Is windows 10 spyware?

From: Rod-Lists 
------------------------------------------------------
There is a very long history of claims of Microsoft phoning home with your data.
With interesting fourier transformationshris to back it up.
But this seems to be a going to a new level.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DY

Part 2 - (Was Google (and others?) marking my email as spam)

From: David White 
------------------------------------------------------
Well, I continue to have issues with my email going into people's spam
boxes.

I even had 1 message yesterday that Google didn't deliver, period (it
wasn't even in the user's spam folder). That message was a test to a friend
of mine who is also a client, and could have been filtered out because it
was a bit weird to being with.

I had a similar situation occur with a friend about a month ago whose email
was is hosted in Microsoft Live (I sent a test message, he didn't even get
it, even in his spam).

So I have evidence that some of my email isn't even getting to the intended
recipients.

Reviewing mail server logs, however, I can confirm a 250 delivered report
that the mail server successfully connected to the receiving mail server
and delivered the message.

Yesterday, I implemented DKIM, and this morning, I implemented DMARC.

This seems very, very ridiculous that I have to enable DMARC on a domain
that runs a single email address.

But I see no other way for me to get to the bottom of this.

If anyone has any additional suggestions, troubleshooting advice, etc..., I
would be grateful. This hurting me and my business.

- David

On Fri, May 15, 2015 at 11:34 AM, Dave Brockman  wrote:

> -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
> Hash: SHA1
>
> I don't think this is the right direction.  Many SMTP servers exhibit
> this behavior as they hand off to different processes to perform
> different functions.  Delivery to G is a PITA honestly, but time and
> volume usually helps with this.  I have a whole config file dealing with
> G quirks, beginning with forcing delivery over IPv4 :(
>
> Regards,
>
> dtb
>
> On 5/15/2015 11:00 AM, Wil Wade wrote:
> > I am guessing here, but I suspect that any header with localhost is
> > getting flagged. It should read the name and address of the server.
> >
> > On Fri, May 15, 2015 at 10:27 AM, David White  > > wrote:
> >
> >     Why would the localhost / 127.0.0.1 be an issue?
> >
> >     Postfix "receives" / processes the message a couple different time
> s
> >     on different daemons, I believe. Therefore, the localhost thing
> >     would make sense.
> >
> >     On Fri, May 15, 2015 at 10:22 AM, Wil Wade  >     > wrote:
> >
> >         I believe this is what it may be getting hung up on:
> >
> >         On Fri, May 15, 2015 at 10:10 AM, David White
> >          wrote:
> >
> >             Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1])
> >               by mail.developcents.com 
> (Postfix) with ESMTP id C5BC73C74;
> >               Thu, 14 May 2015 15:27:15 +0000 (UTC)
> >
> >
> >
> >
> >         

MS's PowerShell to support SSH

From: Stephen Kraus 
------------------------------------------------------
Again, it seems like Microsoft is slowly gravitating towards recognizing
the need for interoperability between Linux, UNIX, and Windows.

Glad to see more of this. Between the addition of NFS support and added
UNIX support in 2012, I'm excited.

On Tue, Jun 2, 2015 at 9:55 PM, Wil Wade  wrote:

> Another piece of MicrOSSoft news:
>
> They are going to be working on PowerShell with OpenSSH. An interesting
> quote however indicates how the inside has changed at Microsoft:
>
> "The first attempts were during PowerShell V1 and V2 and were rejected.
>> Given our changes in leadership and culture, we decided to give it another
>> try and this time, because we are able to show the clear and compelling
>> customer value, the company is very supportive."
>
>
>
> http://blogs.msdn.com/b/looking

MS's PowerShell to support SSH

From: Wil Wade 
------------------------------------------------------
Another piece of MicrOSSoft news:

They are going to be working on PowerShell with OpenSSH. An interesting
quote however indicates how the inside has changed at Microsoft:

"The first attempts were during PowerShell V1 and V2 and were rejected.
> Given our changes in leadership and culture, we decided to give it another
> try and this time, because we are able to show the clear and compelling
> customer value, the company is very supportive."


http://blogs.msdn.com/b/looking

Another indication that M$ is Changing (Windows -> OSS?)

From: Wil Wade 
------------------------------------------------------
Via Hacker News:
http://www.wired.com/2015/04/microsoft-open-source-windows-definitely-possible/

The other headline could be: A "top engineer" at Microsoft isn't fired be
suggesting that Windows could be Open Sourced.

We have talked about it before how Microsoft is changing, but I think the
importance here is how much OSS has gone from "I don't trust open source"
(actual quote from a co-worker, who was later fired...) to the
understanding that having (at least certain things) a common base to build
on helps everyone.

Ether that or Microsoft is following the demise of other companies hoping
that the company can stay afloat if they just open source everything.
(Don't think that is the case)

Other thoughts?

Linux has spoiled me

From: Mike Harrison 
------------------------------------------------------
Just ranting while watching things download and install on an MS-Server:

I’m building a testbed for some future Linux integration with Microsoft Biztalk, an “enterprise service bus / message queue” on a VM. I’m a few days of playing around, on my 4th install (I’ve made some stupid mistakes and had to start over) and learned a lot. 

Mostly what I’ve learned from the Linux and Mac worlds is: I’m spoiled. 

Linux servers, until you get into really weird stuff, just seem to be couple of yum installs or apt-get’s away from having just about anything you would normally want, up and running. On the weirder stuff, you might have to add a few things from the standard apt/yum/etc repo’s and then either use a private repo or compile something from scratch. Compiling being a rarer option than it used to be, but is still a good option for special cases. 

I’m pretty crusty on MS-Stuff, so I’ve had to learn a lot that I have intentionally forgotten. But what really surprises me is how different the processes are for installing various Microsoft products. Although the “Server Manager” has a decent start with “Add roles and features” it’s a subset of things, and I think it is missing some common essentials. For other things I’ve had to download installers and run them, use “CAB’s” and “Box’s”.. the weirdest one was install a 32 bit version of Excel, on a 64 bit Server OS because “BAM” requires it and won’t work on 32 bit.. I’ve lost track of the reboots, extra installations... uninstalls (SQL Server Express is installed with Visual Studio, but must be removed so you can install SQL Server).. Obscure menu tree hunting to find an option to turn on or off…  I’ve even found and been following several different official how-to’s that do not agree. But it works. Or at least seems to be. I have yet to use it for anything. It’s obvious that Microsoft has groups that don’t “come together” on how to install software, deal with requirements. Microsoft seems to be missing a company/product line wide package manager, and that seems to be a very antiquated thought process. and some things seem to be only available in 32 bit.. like the BI Tools for Visual Studio. Come on Microsoft, why would things you would run on a nice 64 bit server, requiring 32 bit packages for support? 


That a worldwide collective of a wide range of Linux programmer and sysadmins do such a great job of repositories and installations from them, makes me realize how spoiled I have become, and how thankful I am for everyone’s efforts. 




MS-Biztalk Wizard (that is Linux Friendly) needed

From: Mike Harrison 
------------------------------------------------------
I’m trying to help a foreign company with an integration project. Many of their systems are Linux/AIX/Sun/*nix, and some are not. 
Their goal is to use Microsoft Biztalk as an Enterprise Service Bus / Message Queueing interface point for multiple systems. Some of which understand CSV via file imports, some via XML via file imports, some via XML and REST and/or SOAP. They will need to do some data transformations: CSV in, XML out, etc.. 

What they need is an experienced mercenary MS-Biztalk expert that can help them, on site, do integration and train a talented motivated utility employee in care, feeding and minor tweaks. 
You would have to spend some time in the pleasant resort destination country. Probably several weeks over a handful of trips.  It might be possible to take a spouse (you would pay their airfare, some expenses) and they would enjoy the location. 

Specifically looking for the kind of person that can do actual configs, tuning and data transformational code while on site in their test/dev sandbox and possibly help move it to the production systems. As I understand it, the best way to do that with Biztalk is via Visual Studio and specific Biztalk tools. Not my worlds.  

Language: English, Pay and Travel: Corporate expert rates and expenses. 

Caveat: I may be one of the Linux geeks you’d be interfacing with and I’m in charge of the overall project. That can be very good, or bad. :)

Apply by contacting me directly first. I’ll reply with more formal information. Trying to do this via informal networking channels before hitting the recruiters and job boards. 

—Mike--




From the Comments of a Linux to Win 8 Test

From: Jonathan Calloway 
------------------------------------------------------
I can=E2=80=99t help but to add this thought.  I wonder how many of us =
will say / do / think the same thing about Windows 10?





> On Mar 19, 2015, at 9:05 AM, Wil Wade  wrote:
>=20
> So on Hacker News was posted this article:
>=20
> "Developer trying out Windows 8.1 after 8 years with Linux "
> =
http://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/forum/windows8

From the Comments of a Linux to Win 8 Test

From: Wil Wade 
------------------------------------------------------
So on Hacker News was posted this article:

"Developer trying out Windows 8.1 after 8 years with Linux "
http://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/forum/windows8

Treating developers well...

From: Mike Harrison 
------------------------------------------------------

> On Mar 11, 2015, at 12:25 PM, Eric Wolf  wrote:
> 
> And if you ever want to develop a higher opinion for Microsoft, just try developing for VMware. Microsoft has always had very good developer support. VMware treats developers as a revenue source.


I’ve been impressed recently that I easily downloaded and am playing with M$-Server 2012R2 and M$-SQL 2012 with a 180 day eval license (and some other toys)  More than enough for evaluating and figuring out of I can make things work that I need to.. (I’ll be using Linux, but need to emulate the other side for dev/testing). And while there is a lot I don’t like about the M$-world, I’m impressed that they have come a long way since I last played, yet dismayed at the inconsistent interfaces, and complete lack of useful error messages in the event system. “Could not connect to object” is not very useful. But yes, will agree: much more dev/testing friendly than I remember Microsoft being.