Hot Topics:


EPB Gigabit

From: asg 
Yesterday, I upgraded my EPB account to 1Gbps instead of 100Mbps. EPB =
made the changes on their end and said they wouldn=E2=80=99t take effect =
until midnight. This morning I=E2=80=99m still running at 100Mbps. The =
tech person at EPB says the equipment is provisioned properly but that =
it is auto negotiating a 100M link with my router. I have a Ubiquiti =
EdgeRouter Lite so I know it is capable of 1Gbps. I plugged my laptop =
directly into the EPB jack in my house and the laptop negotiated a 100M =
connection as well. When I plug my laptop into my gigabit switch, it =
negotiates a 1Gbps connection. Any other things I should try before =
calling EPB back?

Stephen Haywood
Owner: ASG Consulting

Ubiquiti Networks EdgeRouter ERPOE-5

From: Eric Wolf 
Summary: The EdgeRouter is a great device. It's a true router. The web
interface leaves a lot to be desired but it can be configured at the CLI.
Don't bother with the ERPOE-5 and just get the 3-port EdgeRouter Lite. Use
the savings to buy a proper POE switch.

Folks asked about this and it seems relevant with EPB trying to push 10Gbe

A couple weeks ago, I got fiber to my house via my municipal utility. The
local utility built the network in 1997 but a state level law passed at the
urging of Comcast and Qwest (our Baby Bell, now part of CenturyLink)
prevented the city from selling internet access to customers. A local
referendum in 2012 changed this and the city has been rolling out fiber to
the home as fast as possible.

My service is 1Gbps-symmetric. I spoke with the installers and the city ran
10GB to each distribution node which serves a maximum of 8 households. So I
don't have to worry about noisy neighbors, at least in the bandwidth

Once I unplugged my DSL modem from my NetGear R6200 router and plugged in
the ONT, I was disappointed to see a maximum of about 320Mbps. Then I
plugged my laptop directly into the ONT, I got right around 930Mbps.
Evidently the problem is the NetGear R6200 can't process NAT fast enough
for a 1Gbps connection. A little Googling returned that there are two
integrated WIFI routers like the R6200 that can handle the bandwidth.

I also read about the Ubiquiti EdgeRouter Lite, which is a dedicated router
that can also handle the bandwidth. Being a geek, I ordered the 5-port
version of the EdgeRouter for $170 from Amazon. I splurged for next-day
delivery. The router itself is the size of a small switch. It has a nice
metal case and a detached power brick, not a wall-wart. The power brick has
a three-prong connector so it really feels like a serious piece of gear.

First, I upgraded the firmware on the EdgeRouter. This was fairly painless.
I had to download the binary to my desktop and then upload it via the web
interface. I wish it just had a "check for updates" button in the web
interface but that's something they can add later on.

I use static IPs for a lot of my network to help avoid conflicts with my
work network when I use the VPN. So I started by putting the NetGear (still
plugged into CenturyLink DSL) on a different subnet and configuring the
EdgeRouter for my static network.

Configuring the EdgeRouter is not at all like the NetGear or any other
consumer-oriented router. Each port on the EdgeRouter is individually
configurable. Typically port 1 would be the WAN port. I plugged this into
the ONT and set it up to grab a DHCP address. You can also designate up to
three of the ports as a switch and configure routing for a switch as a
group. You then have to write enable masquerading to get the switch to
route through the WAN port. Once that's done, you can start writing
firewall rules for each port (or the switch group). The web interface gets
clunkier and clunkier the deeper you get into configuration. I was lazy and
ended up deleting my firewall settings because I thought they were
conflicting with my new Ooma VOIP device.

I set my NetGear R6200 in AP mode and plugged it into one of the switch
ports. That will suffice until I start getting devices that want more than
802.11ac. I don't have any POE devices but I've read that the EdgeRouter
doesn't provide a standard POE voltage. UBNT makes a nice line of APs that
use their POE voltage. Once my wifi needs iterate again, I will add the
UBNT devices.

I had to rearrange my office network some. I put the NetGear in a more
central location in the house and moved my 5-port Gig-E switch closer to
the router. That last step would not have been necessary if I could have
configured the fourth port to be part of the switch group in the router. So
far there has been zero advantage to getting the 5-port EdgeRouter over the

I haven't really worked with the CLI yet. But it's a Linux box underneath.
It's pretty straightforward. But I haven't done routing and firewalls at
the CLI in 15+ years. There are wizards in the Web UI but they assume a
particular subnet and I didn't want to have to renumber all my static

Speedwise, the EdgeRouter has kept up with everything I can throw at it.
See the before/after results from Ookla on my Amazon review:

OpenWRT on anything

From: "Robert A. Kelly III" 
On 10/13/2015 11:32 AM, Dean Warren wrote:
> Though I haven't used anything but stock firmware this  router from Asus
> is listed on the OpenWRT website:
>   ASUS (RT-AC68U) Wireless-AC1900 Dual-Band Gigabit Router
> I love it stock so I really haven't messed with it.

Hmm, I will take that one into consideration, but I really want one to
work well with OpenWRT. It would be sad if it turns out to only work
well with a proprietary driver or some such in the stock firmware...

Has anyone used this router with OpenWRT or can anyone recommend a
router they have successfully used with OpenWRT?

Bandwidth speedtest for Gigabit Internet

From: Eric Wolf 
I just got Nextlight Gigabit Internet installed. Ookla Speedtest looks like
it may be throttling to ~225Mb/s. What do you guys recommend for testing


Eric B. Wolf                           720-334-7734

What to do with a Gig?

From: Eric Wolf 
More bandwidth! Yeah!

I just scheduled my installation of NextLight internet service. NextLight
is my local public utility's fiber network. I believe it is the second such
network in the country, following in the footsteps of the EPB. Unlike EPB's
service, NextLight is offering people who sign up right away a full gigabit
synchronous for $50/month.

I wonder, what do you guys on EPB's network do online now that you didn't
do before?

Is it just the same thing, only faster?

Can I upload my consciousness to the 'net?

Off the top of my head, two things I will start doing right away are:

1. Run my own Usenet index service (newznab).
2. Start using an online backup system (crashplan).


Eric B. Wolf                           720-334-7734

What happened to EPB today?

From: Wil Wade 
Perhaps it is some of the upgrades to make 10 Gig possible? (very unlikely)

On Mon, Aug 3, 2015 at 1:53 PM, David White  wrote:

> Tons of people downtown and throughout the area were complaining of slow
> or spotty issues.
> I was on-site with a client for a previously scheduled appointment, and it
> took them 5-10 minutes after I got there to actually tell me they were
> having internet issues.
> That's when I heard that one of the employees talked to 2 other people
> around town recently who had issues.
> Got onto twitter, and saw others were complaining, including folks who
> work in the Lamp Post Group building.
> --
> David White
> Founder & CEO
> *Develop CENTS *
> Computing, Equipping, Networking, Training & Supporting
> Organizations Worldwide

Job opportunity in NYC

From: Nate Hill 
I miss you, Chattanooga!

I know I'm opening myself up to ridicule by posting a job in NYC on
Chugalug, but hey I can live with that.

I'm up here in NY running the Metropolitan New York Library Council now,
and I'm hiring a Digital Services Coordinator.  This is a *really cool*
opportunity.  I'm looking for a developer with some chops, but also someone
who can organize folks and help create collaborations, collisions, and
opportunities between digital library projects and the rest of the civic
activist / arts / creative technology communities.  Info below.


The Metropolitan New York Library Council (METRO) is seeking qualified
applicants for the position of Digital Services Coordinator.

The Digital Services Coordinator will support Digital Culture of
Metropolitan New York (DCMNY), an online collection hosting service for
members of the Metropolitan New York Library Council. DCMNY is currently
powered by Islandora; the Digital Services Coordinator will need to be
comfortable with Linux, Fedora Commons, Drupal, and custom PHP
modifications. The ideal candidate will be confident with this technology
stack and is up to date on other frameworks and repository solutions (e.g.
Apache SOLR, Ruby/Rails, Blacklight, Hydra). She or he will make
recommendations and lead a migration to a different platform should this be

METRO=E2=80=99s staff of 15+ people hosts classes and events for our member=
The Digital Services Coordinator will also collaborate with the METRO staff
to maintain the technical infrastructure for the office and community
space. This support includes but is not limited to: wireless network, VOIP
network, hardware/software support, technology purchasing, and Google apps.

Finally, the Digital Services Coordinator will have an outward-facing role
at METRO; she or he will engage with the New York/Westchester technology
community beyond the library world. Civic hacking, big data, data literacy,
physical computing, the IoT, and gigabit fiber networks are topics that
should get you excited and light you up with new ideas. This outward-facing
role will lead to new initiatives, new opportunities, and new perspectives
at METRO. The Digital Services Coordinator will be central to their design
and implementation.

The ideal candidate is a curious, creative, and communicative technologist
who will be responsible for supporting and developing a wide variety of
services at METRO. Vision and leadership come from all levels of this lean
organization, so the ideal Digital Services Coordinator will combine
humility and grace with expertise and authority. She or he identifies as a
capable programmer and believes in beautiful, concise, and well-commented

The Digital Services Coordinator will have some opportunity to work
remotely, but will need to be on site regularly in our space on 11th street
in Manhattan as well. METRO is a fun and collaborative workplace full of
energy and enthusiasm.

METRO offers a competitive salary and excellent benefits. Salary is
commensurate with experience.

METRO is an equal opportunity employer. To apply, please send a .pdf copy
of your resume and cover letter along with any other material you would
like considered part of your application to



METRO is the largest of nine library councils in the state of New York,
with METRO serving all of New York City and Westchester County. These
councils were founded in the 1960s to facilitate the sharing of resources
between different types of libraries and archives: academic, public, art,
museum, corporate, and more. In the past, programmatic efforts have been
primarily focused on the discovery and delivery of physical materials.
Today, METRO is increasingly oriented toward the digital, in work ranging
from collaborative digitization projects that engage our diverse membership
to the administration of the Empire State Digital Network, a service hub of
the Digital Public Library of America. In addition, METRO offers a wide
variety of classes, lectures, events, and other professional development

METRO aims to serve as a laboratory and experimental space for our growing
membership, combining new developments in librarianship with emerging
technologies drawn from parallel fields. The Digital Services Coordinator
will help drive this innovation.

Nate Hill

Anyone have a how-to for Cisco LACP (802.3ad) setup?

From: Lynn Dixon 
Hey guys. I am admittinly NOT a Cisco person, so I figured I would ask the
list, as we have some really smart folks on here :-)

I have a Cisco 3560g switch in my home rack.  I also have two servers that
have quad port GigE nics in them.  I thought I could just bond the nics on
the machines and get a increased throughput between those two servers but I
don't see much increase. I need to rsync about 6TB of data from one to the
other, and I am realizing the limitations of nic bonding.

However, RHEL does support 802.3ad which from what I understand will
commnicate with Cisco gear to create a port channell effectively increasing
the total channel bandwidth for every interface in the channel.

This is where I get stuck.  Setting up 802.3ad is easy on the machines, but
I have to get my switch configured as well.  All the documentation I have
found so far has been in the case of setting up etherchannels to create a
switch-switch or switch-router channel using Ciscos PaGP, which is

I cant find anything to help me learn how to configure the switch ports on
the switch to be a plain jane 803.3ad (I think LACP) to my hosts.   Does
anyone on the list have any experience setting up LACP on Cisco gear for
interfaces connected to hosts?


pfSense and the Gig

From: Nick Smith 
Hello Chugalug!

I was thinking about spinning up a new firewall, dedicated computer
hardware for pfsense, maybe even the new vmware appliance they just came
out with.

My question, is anyone doing this and getting their full gig from EPB, or
at least very close to it?

I use to have a cisco 2911 that would only give me about 2-300 Mbs of it,
and i swapped that out for an Asus AC1900 and i get around 6-700 Mbs from
that, with the little amount of port forwarding i do.  I realize every port
forward creates overhead and thus lowers your overall throughput.

If anyone is doing this id love to know your specs that your using to get
as close to the full gig as possible. Is there even a way to calculate
whats needed? for example 1ghz cpu/1gig ram for every 100Mbs throughput or

I dont even know if what im even asking is possible, was just hoping.
I know that the gig speed is only on EPB's network as well, and has no
effect when it leaves, but i dont want my firewall/router to be the
limiting factor.

Thanks for the help and advice!

Nick Smith
nick at nicksmith dot us

Net Neutrality + Competition = Fast Internet?

From: Jason Brown 
I can see how they could deliver 2Gb to a cable modem and that is
reasonable. But I bet it has a single 1Gb Ethernet port...


On Fri, May 1, 2015 at 9:09 AM, Wil Wade  wrote:

> Sounds like someone finally got the message that it is time to compete.
> Too bad they likely will not change their downright nasty billing
> practices...

Net Neutrality + Competition = Fast Internet?

From: Wil Wade 

Sounds like someone finally got the message that it is time to compete. Too
bad they likely will not change their downright nasty billing practices...

Remote hand in Nashville

From: Dave Brockman 
Hash: SHA1

I'm looking for a remote hand in Nashville, TN tomorrow.  Needs to
have a Cisco console cable, ability to connect it via serial to a
Cisco ASA, and type in 5 commands.  Paying gig, super easy 10 minute
call.  Anyone have any leads?


Version: GnuPG v2


Acer's new Core i5 Chromebook

From: Phil Shapiro 

If you install full Linux on this Chromebook, you'd have a mighty fine, lightweight Core i5 laptop for $499. 

Now, if only a community had affordable access to gigabit Internet. If only... 



Phil Shapiro, 

"Wisdom begins with wonder." - Socrates 
"Learning happens thru gentleness." 


From: Ashley Wilson 
Hey all,
 I'm thinking of building a low-power ARM-based NAS.  Looking for the
smallest enclosure possible (bookshelf) and good enough I/O to stream
movies over gig-e.  Before I go down the rabbit hole, has anyone done any
research on this?  This will be a dedicated box, just serving NFS and
running Crashplan.  Considered R-Pi but transfer rates over the network
suck because the ethernet is hanging off of USB.

Thanks in advance!

Where's my bottleneck?

From: David White 
Interesting that this just jumped a few minutes ago to about 1.2 mb/s, and
that's climbing ever so slowly (we're at 1.5 right now). But still way
slower than I would have expected.

On Fri, Mar 6, 2015 at 2:03 PM, David White  wrote:

> So I'm uploading 4.5 gigs to my local Synology NAS off of my PC. My laptop
> (Ubuntu) is plugged in with a network card, and I have wireless turned off.
> The laptop is plugged into a Linksys EA2700 router that is in "Repeater
> Mode" and isn't doing much of anything except acting like a switch with a
> wireless signal.
> That's plugged into my pfSense box, which is plugged into the NAS, which
> is on a different subnet.
> Using the GUI on my laptop, I connected to the NAS using the smb://
> approach.
> Transfer speeds are only averaging around 500 K/s, and this is ridiculous.
> Checking iotop in Ubuntu, disk read is only averaging between 200-500 K/s
> as well with occasional spikes between 5-10 M/bs. Load is averaging less
> than 1.
> Disk, memory and network utilization on the NAS is likewise very low.
> Memory util is only at 13%, CPU is only around 2%, and disk util is only
> around 1%.
> I am running DNS services off of the NAS as an authoritative DNS server to
> the outside world, but that's only for 1 domain right now.
> All NICs involved are Gigabit.
> I can't figure this out...
> --
> David White
> Founder & CEO
> *Develop CENTS *
> Computing, Equipping, Networking, Training & Supporting
> Organizations Worldwide

David White
Founder & CEO

*Develop CENTS *
Computing, Equipping, Networking, Training & Supporting
Organizations Worldwide

EPB Business class service and static IP's

From: Lynn Dixon 
To build on our conversation from eariler this morning, I contacted EPB to
get pricing on routed subnets and static IP's.

Business class service is the only thing eligible for routed subnets or IP
blocks.  The starting price for the service is $350 per month for 100 meg
service, which comes with SLA guarantees on 99.99% uptime as well as
bandwidth SLA's. With this same service, you get a /28 of IP addresses,
which is 14 useable (16 total, minus 1 for gateway, and minus 1 for the
network ID/broadcast).
Business class is available to any address that is serviceable by the
residential service.

They have various other levels with increased speeds for higher prices of
course, all the way to 1 Gig.  I didn't get pricing for anything above
100meg since $350 made it out of scope for me.

The sales rep did mention that EPB does co-location, but after talking with
them, they only offer it to customers whom are willing to lease a full 43U
rack.  Pricing for a full 43U rack with 100meg service and /28 with 20amps
of power is roughly $1400 per month.

So, there ya have it. At $350 its a bit out of my price range as a small
business, so I will just keep my two machines co-located in Knoxville and
Chattanooga (Peace Communications).  I was really hoping to get a faster
connection with their Business class service, and bring my machines to my
home datacenter.  I have plenty of power and cooling available, as well as
natural gas for a genset. I already have a sizeable UPS as well.

It looks as if EPB is initially targeting medium to large size businesses
with these colo offerings.  I will keep in touch with them to see if they
start to offer smaller rack leases.

How to record Skype calls in Ubuntu Linux

From: Phil Shapiro 

A nice how-to article here -- 

Sound quality ought to be outstanding for those with gigabit connectivity. 
I suggest saving to WAV format -- which is best quality audio. Edit audio 
with Audacity if you need to. Season to taste. 



Phil Shapiro, 

"Wisdom begins with wonder." - Socrates 
"Learning happens thru gentleness." 

pfSense hardware for sale

From: Lynn Dixon 
Hey all,
I have a PC Engines APU1D4 for sale. I bought it with the intent of using
it with EPB gigabit service, but I soon found out that it doesnt have the
horsepower ro be able to handle full gigabit across its WAN.  I was only
able to get it to sustain a stable 600 to 700 Mbps across the WAN.

Its a great unit, with only a few hours of use on it. Runs pfSense like a
champ.  Just be aware, that it will only be able to route traffic at about
600 Mbps through its WAN interface.  Its really low power, at only about 12
watts.   I have added several options to this unit that I will sell with
it. Here is the full list of goods:

APU1D4 main board
Black enclosure built for the mainboard
Wall wart power supply
WLE200NX miniPCI express card  capable of 802.11b/g/n
Two dual band antennas and pigtails
80 gig Mini-PCIe SSD drive installed

I have about $275 invested in the kit, including the SSD.  I am asking $200
for the entire kit which is assembled and will come with a clean install of
the latest pfSense nightly on it. Price is negotiable to a small degree.

You can get the details on the APU here:  As well as price shop the
accessories I am including with it.

If your interested, give me an email at and I will send
you my phone number.

Commercial Desktop PCs as linux boxes

From: John Aldrich 
So, I"m browsing around on Woot and they have an HP ENVY 700-216
Desktop, quad-core AMD with 12 Gigs of RAM and a 2 Tb hard drive for
$440 (plus shipping, I assume.) My current linux box is a bit old and
not doing so well. Probably just a lack of RAM, but I'm maxed out on my
current motherboard. Now, I could just buy a new mobo/cpu/RAM combo, and
plug it in or I could just bite the bullet and buy a pre-built
commercial PC and just go the easy route. How well would something like
that run Linux, do you think?

  John Aldrich

Details on Hackintosh

From: Med Dement 
Ok=E2=80=A6. IM on 10.10.0   I do have iMessage and app store and Server =
2.2.2 running=E2=80=A6 FaceTime has no camera so not sure on that..  all =
the other apps are fine=E2=80=A6 I started  with 10.8.5  and Chameleon   =
and I upgraded to Maverick and all seemed well I had to swap and add on =
a NET card to get him happy=E2=80=A6.. from there I went to 10.10.0 and =
did the chameleon thing but had to change to later versions =E2=80=A6 =
and all is running based off of the latest  NVAM file that tonymac had =
on site=E2=80=A6 I have not done the upgrade as they and you all are =
having trouble with apple on that one=E2=80=A6. so to answer I will hang =
here=E2=80=A6 Hardware config is=20
GA-Z97X-UD7 TH LGA 1150 Z97

I have had no issues of hardware with this one=E2=80=A6.. the other two =
are on lower Gigabit boards=E2=80=A6.=20

HERE is the latest Chameleon  version .. and there is a log fix for =
iMessage=E2=80=A6 =

Med Dement